Few people have the in-built sparkle of interior designing and few others may have the knack of learning the skill and develop their expertise. But what about the rest, for whom interior designing is not their cup of cake? Can’t they ever try their hands on interior Designing? “They can”, affirms an architect of Sudhir Pawar & Associates, a leading Interior Designer In Pune. He further adds that by understanding basic design principles, an individual can easily decorate the house. What are those basic design principles and how to use them? Let us go one by one.

Basic rule

When you go for a family vacation, would you consider only the transportation arrangements or think in totality about accommodation, food and other special needs? Similarly, when interior designing is taken up, the key is to have a concept of totality in the mind, as a house should be considered as a space linked through walls and not divided. This is to say that each and every space such as floors, walls, and lightings should not only complement with each other but also with their counterparts in adjoining rooms.
Having understood the crux of the rule, it is time to learn the trick.


The interior designing of the house can be balanced essentially in three styles

Symmetric style: Being a traditional interior style, it has stood against the time. The characteristic arrangement of space in this style is quite simple – each side of the room along with its wall colors, lightings, and furniture are the exact mirror image of the other side.
Asymmetric style: This is what rules today in interior designing. The fact that is stressed
upon in this style is to balance the two sides of the room with equally pleasing and attractive elements. It should be borne in the mind that the items need not be same but their visual weight should be.
Radial style: Although not a frequently used technique due to its in-built complexity, it can present a marvelous look on smart adaptation. In this style, all elements in the room are arrayed around a focal point that is located in the centre point of the room.

Focal Point

In simple words, the highlighted feature of your room is the focal point. It can be a large window facing the garden, a bookshelf in your reading room, or a fire place in the living room. It does not matter if your house does not have in-built focal points, for it can be easily created by having
• A grand centre table in the living room
• A brightly painted wall
• An elegant working desktop in the kitchen.
The trick is to decorate the area around these focal points and highlight their prominence.

Theme mechanisms

Any interior design should have a theme and the best way to define their continuity in the rooms is by defining their recurrence.
• Repetition: As the name suggests, the theme is repeated in all the rooms. Although it is the simplest of all, it cannot liven up the space.
• Progression or Transition: As you progress through the space of your house, a gradual progression in color scheme is introduced by increasing or decreasing their intensity and brightness.
• Contrast: It is a clear cut style, with each item in the room having an opposite schema of their counterparts. It can be a bright wall hanging on a subtle shaded wall, black cushions on a light colored sofa and so on.


To understand this design principle, all it requires is the knowledge of elementary mathematics. The scale of each and every item in the room should be in good proportion with other items or total space. For instance, if the centre table is huge, so should be the surrounding sofa sets and similarly, if the wall is large enough, so should be the hangings.

And finally, the theme of designing should be freely flowing with wise use of colors, lights, furniture, and decorative items. Sudhir Pawar & Associates, one of the most sought after Interior Designers In Pune, categorically says that with wise application of these design principles, it is definitely possible to decorate your house and bring out its true essence.